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Issue No. 92
April 2012

West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association 2009 Resolutions

June 2009

The following resolutions were passed by the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association, representing 118 counties in the State of Texas, on April 23, 2009, during the Associationís annual conference.
  1. Thanks to the Host Court
    WHEREAS, the annual conference of the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association was held in Abilene, Texas, April 21-24, 2009; and
    WHEREAS, the Honorable Commissioners Court of Taylor County has hosted the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association in the most entertaining and excellent manner;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association expresses its wholehearted thanks and deep appreciation to the Honorable Commissioners Court of Taylor County, sponsors, contributors and exhibitors for their courteous and warm hospitality extended to each of us.
  2. Thanks to State and Local Associations and Friends of County Government
    WHEREAS, the annual conference of the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association was held in Abilene, Texas, April 21-24, 2009; and
    WHEREAS, the members of the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association wish to acknowledge the expertise of and thank the staff of: James Allison of Allison, Bass & Associates, L.L.P.; the Texas Association of Counties and Executive Director Karen Norris; the Texas Association of Regional Councils and Director Penny Redington; the V.G. Young Institute of County Government, a part of Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Director Richard O. Avery, and Extension Program Specialist Stacy Morris; the Texas AgriLife Extension Service agentsí professional associations; County Progress Magazine and Editor Julie Anderson; and the many other state and local associations and people who have all been so helpful to county government;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that this Association thanks all of these individuals and their staffs for their past, present and future help on behalf of county government.
  3. Memorial to Deceased Officials and Special Friends
    WHEREAS, the following highly regarded members and friends of the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association are deceased; and
    WHEREAS, the Association desires to pay appropriate respect to these members and friends; and
    WHEREAS, since our last conference, the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association has mourned the passing of:
    Former Lampasas County Commissioner Edd M. Barefoot
    Former Collingsworth County Commissioner Pat Glenn
    Former Hardeman County Commissioner Van D. Foster
    Former Cochran County Judge Johnny Jones
    Hall County Judge Jacky Don Martin
    Former Hockley County Commissioner Sam Langford

    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association members pause for a moment of silence and meditation to honor the memory of these respected individuals.
  4. Opposition to Unfunded Mandates
    WHEREAS, Texas counties are responsible for the operation and management of many and various governmental programs as required or authorized by law; and
    WHEREAS, some county government programs are fully or partially supported with funds disbursed by the State of Texas pursuant to the state appropriations process; and
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas, acting through the Texas Legislature or through a state agency or executive order, may enact laws or promulgate rules that have the effect of imposing mandatory financial obligations upon Texas counties; and
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas, through the Texas Legislature or through a state agency or executive order, mandates that counties implement certain governmental programs or perform certain duties and obligations including financial commitments by a county to expend county funds in connection therewith; and
    WHEREAS, during each regular session of the Texas Legislature, all state funds that support county programs are reviewed through the state appropriation process and by other state budgetary review systems; and
    WHEREAS, the aforementioned review process may result in a reduction, or cessation, of state financial support of county government programs causing an unforeseeable disruption and reduction of the county budget and operations; and
    WHEREAS, Texas counties cannot achieve reliable financial planning and the necessary bond ratings sufficient to support county-related obligations when the state mandates a new program that is not fully funded or under conditions where the state reduces or fully withdraws prior funding and disbursement for county government programs;
    NOW, THEREFORE, the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association and its 118 current members do hereby resolve that for the foregoing reasons, it is in the best interests of Texas counties and their taxpayers to support and favor the passage of legislation, including HJR 84, by Rep. Garnet Coleman, an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Texas, that would expressly prohibit the imposition of a mandatory governmental program on Texas counties, whether by an act of the Texas Legislature or a state agency or by executive order, unless the State of Texas has fully funded and disbursed all necessary funds to enable Texas counties to operate said governmental program.
  5. State-Imposed Property Tax Increases
    WHEREAS, the Texas State Constitution prohibits the Texas Legislature from levying a property tax; and
    WHEREAS, indigent health care is the stateís responsibility; and
    WHEREAS, indigent criminal defense is the stateís responsibility; and
    WHEREAS, the costly voting machines mandated and partially paid for by the federal government will be an added expense from now on; and
    WHEREAS, counties can implement some government programs and perform some duties more effectively than the state government, and counties should be reimbursed for their expenses for state responsibilities; and
    WHEREAS, while we believe that indigent citizens should be helped and provided for, we do not believe this burden should be the responsibility of only the county property taxpayers; and
    WHEREAS, a countyís primary source of raising money is through the property tax, and this is, in effect, the state levying a property tax to pay for mandated programs;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that any and all mandated programs be funded by the state; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that we resist, by litigation if necessary, any further state attempts to compel local property tax increases and encourage the Legislature to study and authorize additional alternative revenue sources for counties.
  6. Indigent Health Care
    WHEREAS, revisions have been proposed regarding the Texas system of indigent health care; and
    WHEREAS, some revisions propose an assessment upon counties to support a regional indigent health care system; and
    WHEREAS, such assessment would constitute an unfunded mandate, requiring property tax increases in those counties; and
    WHEREAS, such regional systems would not be efficient or responsive to local taxpayers;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association opposes any attempt to impose a mandatory assessment upon Texas counties to fund a regional or statewide health care system.
  7. Federal Funding for Indigent Health Care
    WHEREAS, Texas has relied upon hospital districts, counties, and public and non-profit hospitals to provide health care to our indigent citizens; and
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas has failed to fully access federal Medicaid funds; and
    WHEREAS, this failure of the State of Texas has forced local taxpayers to assume this burden through property taxes; and
    WHEREAS, these federal funds are being fully utilized by other states;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the State of Texas expand its Medicaid program to obtain federal matching funds for indigent health care and relieve the property taxpayer of this unfair burden.
  8. Opposition to Appraisal Caps and Revenue Caps
    WHEREAS, the Texas Legislature is considering proposals for revenue caps on counties and lower appraisal caps; and
    WHEREAS, 60 percent of the average taxpayerís property tax burden is due to school taxes while only 14 percent is due to county taxes; and
    WHEREAS, appraisal caps or revenue caps would diminish local control and tie the hands of county officials and limit their ability to provide essential services to address the needs and emergencies of their citizens; and
    WHEREAS, county government is already struggling to meet the demands of under-funded and unfunded state mandates such as indigent health care, indigent defense and federal mandates such as the Help America Vote Act and the Clean Air Act; and
    WHEREAS, the demands on county budgets continue to increase including motor fuel, road materials, and all other products and services purchased by counties; and
    WHEREAS, artificial appraisal caps or revenue caps will result in a shift of taxes from rapidly appreciating properties to those remaining relatively stable in value and to all non-residential properties; and
    WHEREAS, appraisal caps or revenue caps will not necessarily result in a reduction of property taxes but will result in severe impact on county services; and
    WHEREAS, undermining a property tax system based upon fair market value is questionable public policy and will result in a distorted, inequitable taxation scheme under which identical homes could be taxed at vastly different amounts;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association does hereby express its opposition to efforts to limit local control and does hereby oppose any attempts to impose revenue caps or appraisal caps upon Texas counties, and the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association expresses its deep appreciation to all legislators who oppose these unsound measures.
  9. Indigent Criminal Defense
    WHEREAS, indigent criminal defense legislation has required additional county taxpayer expense to provide indigent criminal defense services; and
    WHEREAS, indigent criminal defense legislation has added administrative duties and reporting requirements to county offices; and
    WHEREAS, the present appropriation is insufficient to reimburse the county for these mandated costs, with 75 percent of the costs being imposed on county taxpayers;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the provisions of indigent criminal defense legislation be revised to simplify the administrative and reporting requirements and improve the efficiency of the indigent criminal defense program, and that formal criminal proceedings be initiated within 30 days in all criminal cases; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature appropriate sufficient funds to compensate counties for the full cost of implementing the indigent criminal defense program and submit the program to full Sunset Review in 2011.
  10. Mandatory Attorney Fees in Child Protective Services Cases
    WHEREAS, the 79th Legislatureís Senate Bill 6 was amended in Conference Committee to mandate that counties provide attorneys to represent indigent parents in all Child Protective Services cases; and
    WHEREAS, this unfunded mandate was added to this legislation without any notice or public hearing; and
    WHEREAS, this legislation provided no funding for these additional services; and
    WHEREAS, this mandate has been imposed upon county property taxpayers;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that mandatory representation in Child Protective Services cases be repealed unless fully funded by the State of Texas, as provided by HB 2616, by Rep. Joe Heflin.
  11. Local Option Development Authority
    WHEREAS, Texas counties have very limited authority to implement a county development plan; and
    WHEREAS, limited county land-use authority to regulate incompatible future uses would benefit Texas property owners; and
    WHEREAS, this lack of authority has caused inefficient and inequitable distribution of the transportation and infrastructure costs of new development;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that counties be granted local option authority to adopt county development plans, subdivision density controls, and impact fees to fairly distribute the infrastructure costs for new development.
  12. County Fees and Fines
    WHEREAS, county fees and fines are a traditional source of funding for the support of local law enforcement, county detention facilities, and the court system; and
    WHEREAS, counties have no other available sources of revenue except the over-burdened property tax; and
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas has invaded these traditional county revenue sources by creating additional fees to be collected at the county level and forwarded to the state comptroller for state purposes;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that all fines and fees collected at the county level be retained by the county for local budget needs.
  13. County Local Option Revenue Sources
    WHEREAS, county revenue sources are extremely limited; and
    WHEREAS, under current statutes, counties are forced to rely upon property taxes to fund necessary services; and
    WHEREAS, county taxpayers should have the option to adopt a local sales tax, a local severance tax, and other revenue sources to reduce property taxes;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the Legislature amend the tax statutes to allow the adoption of a county local option sales tax, a local severance tax, or other revenue sources for the reduction of property taxes without imposing any additional revenue cap.
  14. Opposition to Granting Powers to Municipal Utility Districts and Special Utility Districts
    WHEREAS, Texas is one of the fastest-growing states in the Union; and
    WHEREAS, Texas is expected to have a 75 million population at build-out; and
    WHEREAS, city government and county government should have appropriate authority to regulate growth in their respective counties and cities; and
    WHEREAS, special water districts and private water corporations have the means to furnish water and provide for growth in rural areas of the counties; and
    WHEREAS, municipal utility districts and special utility districts have been improperly used by certain developers to avoid compliance with county and city infrastructure plans;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association opposes the Legislature granting additional powers to municipal utility districts and special utility districts.
  15. Filing Deadline Conflict
    WHEREAS, the current Election Code provisions result in filing date deadlines that occur on national and state holidays; and
    WHEREAS, this results in considerable confusion and inconvenience to the public, candidates and filing officials;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association does hereby request that the Texas Legislature amend the Election Code to prevent filing deadlines that coincide with national or state holidays.
  16. State Hospital System
    WHEREAS, Texas counties are required to provide inpatient psychiatric services to meet the needs of the citizens of Texas; and
    WHEREAS, the state hospital system has not been able to service court-ordered confinement and voluntary commitment to these fragile individuals needing care for their mental illnesses because rooms formerly used by patients are now dormant or being used for criminal inmates; and
    WHEREAS, the state hospital system is frequently on diversionary status requiring law enforcement and families to transport individuals and loved ones to hospitals far from their home community for care; and
    WHEREAS, there has been a substantial decrease in the number of private psychiatric inpatient care facilities in Texas leaving the responsibility of this level of care to the state hospital system; and
    WHEREAS, this decrease in mental health facilities and mental health services has forced counties to hold these patients in the county jail;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the Texas Legislature increase the capacity in the state hospital system and increase the number of caseworkers and other professionals needed to provide mental health services to adequately meet the needs of the citizens of Texas.
  17. State Driving License Fees
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas has attempted to meet its budget needs by assessing additional fees on driving licenses for certain criminal violations; and
    WHEREAS, this program has not produced the estimated revenue for the state; and
    WHEREAS, this program has caused a tremendous increase in status offenses, such as driving while license suspended, driving while license invalid, and driving without insurance; and
    WHEREAS, this program has resulted in additional pressure on the courts and the county jail; and
    WHEREAS, this program is not beneficial to the citizens of Texas;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association does hereby request that the Texas Legislature abolish the additional driving license fees being assessed for certain criminal violations, as provided by S.B. 896 by Sen. Eliot Shapleigh.
  18. Emergency Services Program
    WHEREAS, citizens of rural Texas desire access to 9-1-1 emergency services in an efficient manner, as evidenced by approval of the monthly fee on business and residential phone bills; and
    WHEREAS, the 9-1-1 emergency services dispatch and response depends on equipment which must function reliably on a continuous basis; and
    WHEREAS, older equipment reaches a point of being high maintenance and becomes unreliable; and
    WHEREAS, technology continues to improve, necessitating upgrading hardware and software for reverse 9-1-1 services and other needs;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association urges our state legislators to provide full funding to the Emergency 9-1-1 Services Program for maintenance and improvement; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that funds generated by the 9-1-1 surcharge will not be used by the Legislature as money set aside to balance the state budget; and
    BE IT ALSO RESOLVED that any such funds set aside that currently exist be utilized for the Emergency 9-1-1 Services Program as promised to, and expected by, the citizens of Texas.
  19. Increase in Purchase Limit
    WHEREAS, Texas counties are currently required to utilize competitive bidding or competitive proposal procedures for contract expenditures exceeding $25,000; and
    WHEREAS, the competitive purchase limit for Texas cities was increased from $25,000 to $50,000 by the Legislature, effective September 1, 2007; and
    WHEREAS, the county bid limit has not been changed since 1999; and
    WHEREAS, due to the effects of inflation and costs of implementation of current purchasing procedures, the present bid limit has been rendered inefficient and burdensome; and
    WHEREAS, the difference in bid limits between cities and counties has caused confusion among citizens, vendors, and public officials;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association does hereby request that the State Legislature increase the county purchase limit to $50,000, consistent with the limit for cities.
  20. Opposition to Mandated Offices
    WHEREAS, local government is the government closest to the people;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association urges that all legislation implementing new programs such as collection departments and drug courts be at the option of each local county government.
  21. Texas Youth Commission
    WHEREAS, the State of Texas has recently reduced the capacity of the Texas Youth Commission and closed several facilities; and
    WHEREAS, the State has not provided sufficient funding for local detention facilities to meet the increased need; and
    WHEREAS, the reduced capacity of the Texas Youth Commission has resulted in a lack of services for many delinquent juveniles;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the State Legislature provide sufficient funding for the Texas Youth Commission to meet the full requirements for secure detention of these juvenile offenders.
  22. Livestock Protection
    WHEREAS, there has been an increase in the loss of domestic livestock and wildlife due to predators; and
    WHEREAS, almost every county in the State of Texas has a high degree of predation on domestic livestock and wildlife; and
    WHEREAS, both domestic livestock production and wildlife production are vital to the Texas economy; and
    WHEREAS, the costs of fighting predation are becoming greater;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association supports an increase in efforts to protect domestic animals and wildlife from predation.
  23. Uranium Mining Regulation
    WHEREAS, uranium mining creates a special hazard for local groundwater; and
    WHEREAS, uranium mining places a high demand upon local groundwater resources; and
    WHEREAS, groundwater pollution by uranium mining cannot be recovered or rehabilitated and creates a permanent loss of groundwater; and
    WHEREAS, county and groundwater conservation districts have very limited power to regulate uranium mining under current law;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that state law be amended to require a due process permit proceeding and approval by the local commissioners court and groundwater conservation district before any permit is granted for uranium mining.
  24. County Roadmap Program
    WHEREAS, the Legislature has provided a procedure, known as the House Bill 1117 Roadmap Program, to allow counties to establish the legal status of their old county roads; and
    WHEREAS, this program provides for notice, hearing and due process for all parties to fairly determine the status of those roads; and
    WHEREAS, the county roadmap process requires two years to complete the program; and
    WHEREAS, the current authorization will expire in September 2009; and
    WHEREAS, some counties have not had sufficient opportunity to implement this program;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the Legislature extend the current September 2009 deadline and provide additional time to implement the County Roadmap Program, as provided in H.B. 2462 by Rep. Jim Keffer.
  25. Fireworks Regulation
    WHEREAS, current law creates confusion among our citizens concerning the use of certain fireworks; and
    WHEREAS, the determination of local conditions for the sale and use of fireworks should be a local decision; and
    WHEREAS, under certain conditions, the use of any fireworks may constitute an extreme hazard; and
    WHEREAS, the Legislature has imposed a 60-hour limitation on any local disaster declaration by a county judge to ban the sale or use of fireworks, other than aerial fireworks;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the Legislature repeal this 60-hour limitation on county disaster declarations on fireworks, as provided in H.B. 2615 by Rep. Joe Heflin.
  26. Countywide Vote Centers
    WHEREAS, the Texas Legislature has authorized the use of Countywide Vote Centers as an alternative to polling places located in each county election precinct; and
    WHEREAS, Countywide Vote Centers allow voters the opportunity to vote at any one of a number of Countywide Vote Centers, rather than at only one home precinct polling location on election day; and
    WHEREAS, Countywide Vote Centers are intended to provide increased convenience for voters; and
    WHEREAS, Countywide Vote Centers are intended to increase voter participation; and
    WHEREAS, Countywide Vote Centers are an efficient use of county resources;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association supports the Countywide Vote Center program as a local option means of increasing voter participation, voter convenience and the efficient use of county resources.
  27. Supporting Expedited Development of Competitive Renewable Energy Zones in Texas Including Infrastructure to Export Wind Power From Texas
    WHEREAS, the need for the United States to decrease its reliance on foreign sources of energy is widely recognized, and President Bush and Congressional leaders from both parties have called for increased development of renewable energy and other domestic sources of energy; and
    WHEREAS, the cost of energy resources upon which Texas and the United States most heavily depend has increased dramatically during the past 12 months, including a 75 percent increase in the cost of crude oil and a 35 percent increase in the cost of natural gas; and
    WHEREAS, the United States benefits from adding renewable resources such as wind energy to its portfolio of electric generation sources, as wind energy consumes no water, produces no emissions, and can provide low-cost electricity at stable pricing, providing a hedge against volatile pricing of fossil fuel-fired generation; and
    WHEREAS, the Texas Legislature also recognizes the need for development of new sources of energy to meet Texasí growing electricity demands, and the desirability of having some portion of such new energy come from renewable resources, which are abundant in Texas; and
    WHEREAS, the Texas Legislature adopted Senate Bill 20 in 2005 directing the Public Utility Commission to designate Competitive Renewable Energy Zones in areas throughout the State with strong potential for production of cost-effective renewable energy, and further directing the PUC to ensure that transmission infrastructure gets built as needed to transmit electricity to market from such zones; and
    WHEREAS, Texas is blessed with a wind resource ideally suited for wind energy production that ranks Texas among the best regions in the nation for cost-effective production of electricity from wind; and
    WHEREAS, citizens of Texas generally welcome large energy and infrastructure projects and the increased property tax base and economic development benefits such projects produce, and have limited alternative opportunities for economic development; and
    WHEREAS, the current lack of transmission infrastructure to export wind energy is preventing Texas from taking advantage of this abundant and inexhaustible natural resource, and depriving electricity consumers in Texas and elsewhere in the United States from the savings which can be achieved by tapping into this cost-effective resource; and
    WHEREAS, delays in proceeding with the development of needed transmission infrastructure are beginning to diminish wind investor interest in Texas and are beginning to undermine efforts to recruit the wind industry into Texas;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association:
    1. supports designation of Competitive Renewable Energy Zones in Texas and requests that state officials act to develop these zones as expeditiously as possible; and
    2. supports development of wind energy and other renewable energy projects in the country and in Texas; and
    3. supports construction of new transmission lines to transmit wind power to consumers of electricity throughout Texas; and
    4. supports construction of new transmission lines being contemplated by the Southwest Power Pool to export wind power throughout Texas to consumers of electricity elsewhere in the United States; and
    5. stands ready to help facilitate siting, permitting and development of such transmission lines and wind energy projects in Texas.
  28. Comptrollerís Interpretation of Market Conditions With Regard to Mineral Values
    WHEREAS, the Texas State Comptrollerís interpretation of Texas Tax Code Sec. 23.175 (commonly known as the market condition factor) has been applied to the estimated 2009 tax valuations of counties in the State of Texas; and
    WHEREAS, many counties receive the vast majority of their tax revenues from the countyís mineral values; and
    WHEREAS, the Texas State Comptrollerís interpretation of the market condition factor favors mineral value owners above all other taxpayers; and
    WHEREAS, these counties will be adversely and catastrophically affected by the market condition factor as interpreted by the Texas Comptrollerís office; and
    WHEREAS, these counties would be unable to fund essential county government services under the Comptrollerís current interpretation of the market condition factor;
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners Association requests that the Texas Legislature work with the Office of the Texas Comptroller to address the Comptrollerís interpretation of Texas Tax Code Sec. 23.175 (market condition factor) and its effect on the mineral values in counties in the State of Texas and make all efforts to change Texas Tax Code Sec. 23.175 to bring all Texas taxpayers into an equitable position.